Philosophical Ethics
Phụ đề: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy
Tác giả: Tom L. Beauchamp
Ký hiệu tác giả: BE-T
DDC: 170 - Triết học đạo đức
Ngôn ngữ: Anh
Số cuốn: 1

Hiện trạng các bản sách

Mã số: 617BC0010867
Nhà xuất bản: McGraw-Hill
Năm xuất bản: 2001
Khổ sách: 27
Số trang: 400
Kho sách: Kho A (Ban Triết)
Tình trạng: Đang mượn
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Preface XI
Part One: Fundermantal Questions  
1. Morality and Moral Philosophy 3
    The Watergate Coverup 3
    Morality 4
    The Nature of a Moral Position 7
    Ronald Dworkin: “The Concept of a Moral Position” 7
    The Object of Morality 11
    G. J. Wamock: “The Object of Morality” 12
    Approaches to the Study of Morality  16
    The Remainder of This Text  18
    Suggested Supplementary Readings 19
2. Relativity, Pluralism, and Individuality in Morals 21
    Mercy Killing in Canada   21
    Relativism in Morals 22
    J. L. Mackie: “Relativism and the Claim to Objectivity”             24
     Richard B. Brandt: “Relativism and Ultimate   
     Disagreements about Ethical Principles” 27
    Moral Disagreement 34
     Alasdair MacIntyre: “Moral Disagreements”  35
    Egoism  42
     David Gauthier: “The Incompleat Egoist”  50
    Suggested Supplementary Readings 54
3. Justification and Truth 57
    Organ Procurement Policies 57
    Moral Arguments and Moral Justification 59
    Internal and External Justifications 60
    Ultimate Justification and Individual Choice 65
     William K. Frankena: “Why Be Moral?” 66
    Cognitivism  69
    Noncognitivism 73
    Moral Realism and Antirealism 77
    David McNaughton: “Morality—Invention or Discovery?”  79
    J. L. Mackie: “Subjectivism, Objectivism, and the Error Theory”  86
    Reflective Equilibrium  91
    John Rawls: “Some Remarks about Moral Theory”  92
    Conclusion  95
    Suggested Supplementary Readings  96
Part two: Classical Ethical Theories  
4. Mill and Utilitarian Theories 101
    Health Policy for Hypertension 101
    The Objectives of Normative Theories  103
    The Utilitarian Conception of Morality 104
    John Stuart Mill: “Utilitarianism”  106
    The Concept of Utility  112
    Act Utilitarianism 117
    J. J. C. Smart: “An Outline of a System of Utilitarian Ethics” 118
    Rule Utilitarianism  121
     Richard B. Brandt: “Some Merits of One Form of   
     Rule - Utilitarianism”  127
    Criticisms and Defenses of Utilitarianism  127
     Robert Nozick: “Moral Constraints and Moral Goals”  133
    Conclusion 137
    Suggested Supplementary Readings  137
5. Kant and Deontological Theories 140
    Plutonium Secrets 140
    The Deontological Conception of Morality 142
     John Rawls: “Utilitarianism and Deontology” 144
    Kant’s Ethics  147
     Immanuel Kant: “The Good Will and the Categorical Imperative”  150
    Prima Facie Obligations 156
     W. D. Ross: “What Makes Right Acts Right?” 157
    Respect for Persons and Respect for Autonomy 161
    Deontological Constraints  165
     Thomas Nagel: “The Limits of Objectivity” 167
    Criticisms and Defenses of Deontological Theories 172
    Conclusion 175
    Suggested Supplementary Readings 175
6. Aristotle and Virtue Theories 180
    The Virtues of Jane Addams  180
    The Concept of Virtue  182
    Aristotelian Ethics  185
    Aristotle: “Moral Virtue”  190
    The Special Place of the Virtues  196
     Alasdair MacIntyre: “The Nature of the Virtues” 200
    Can Virtues and Obligations Coexist?  203
    Moral Ideals and Moral Excellence 205
    Joel Feinberg: “Obligation and Supererogation” 207
    Criticisms and Defenses of Virtue Ethics  211
     Robert B. Louden: “On Some Vices of Virtue Ethics”  212
    Conclusion  216
    Suggested Supplementary Readings  217
7. Hume and Humean Theories 220
    Drinking Dessert Wines  220
    Hume’s Moral Philosophy  222
     David Hume: “The Principles of Morals” 225
    Morals by Invention  236
     J. L. Mackie: “The Content of Ethics” 237
    Morals by Agreement  242
    David Gauthier: “David Hume, Contractarian ” 243
    The Voice of Moral Sentiment 247
     Annette Baier: “Hume, the Women’s Moral Theorist?”  251
    Criticisms of Humean Ethics  256
    Conclusion  258
    Suggested Supplementary Readings  258
Part Three: Topics In Moral  And Social Philosophy  
8. Rights 263
    The Taliban in Control  263
    Rights and Human Rights  265
    Liberalism and Its Communitarian Critics  268
     Joel Feinberg: "Liberalism and Dogmatism”  268
    The Communitarian Rejection of Liberalism 273
     Charles Taylor: “Atomism”  275
     eremy Waldron: “ When Justice Replaces Affection:    
    The Need for Rights ” 279
    Rights against Oppression 284
     Susan Moller Okin: “Feminism, Women’s Human Rights,   
     and Cultural Differences” 285
    Types of Rights 290
    The Contingency of Rights 294
    Right-Based Ethical Theories 299
    Conclusion  301
    Suggested Supplementary Readings  301
9. Justice 305
    Nuclear Fallout in the Marshall Islands  305
    The Nature of Justice  307
    Principles of Justice 309
    The Libertarian Theory 312
    Robert Nozick: “The Entitlement Theory” 315
    The Egalitarian Theory 322
     John Rawls: “An Egalitarian Theory of Justice ” 325
    Criticisms of Theories of Justice 335
    Alasdair MacIntyre: “Rival Justices, Competing Rationalities”  336
     Susan Moller Okin: “The Family: Beyond Justice?”  340
    Conclusion  345
    Suggested Supplementary Readings  345
10. Liberty 348
    Restricting Access to the Internet  348
    The Concepts of Autonomy and Liberty 349
    The Valid Restriction of Liberty 352
     John Stuart Mill: “On Liberty” 356
    Legal Moralism  359
    Robert R George: “Making Men Moral”  362
    The Offense Principle 366
    Joel Feinberg: " 'Harmless Immoralities' and Offensive Nuisances "  369
    Paternalism  373
    Gerald Dworkin: “Paternalism”  377
    Conclusion  383
    Suggested Supplementary Readings 383